United States Court of Appeals
                   UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS      Tenth Circuit

                         FOR THE TENTH CIRCUIT                 November 10, 2020
                                                              Christopher M. Wolpert
                                                                  Clerk of Court

          Petitioner - Appellant,
                                                        No. 20-3123
    v.                                         (D.C. No. 5:20-CV-03158-JWL)
                                                          (D. Kan.)

          Respondent - Appellee.

                          ORDER AND JUDGMENT *

Before LUCERO, BACHARACH, and MORITZ, Circuit Judges.

         This appeal stems from a series of habeas petitions growing out of

Mr. Edward Keith Dembry’s conviction for possessing ammunition after a

felony conviction. See 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). As a federal prisoner, Mr.

Dembry could collaterally challenge his conviction by moving to vacate his

     We conclude that oral argument would not materially help us to
decide the appeal. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2)(C); 10th Cir. R. 34.1(G).
So we have decided the appeal based on the record and the parties’ briefs.

      Our order and judgment does not constitute binding precedent except
under the doctrines of law of the case, res judicata, and collateral estoppel.
But the order and judgment may be cited for its persuasive value if
otherwise appropriate under Fed. R. App. P. 32.1(a) and 10th Cir. R.
sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Mr. Dembry instead sought habeas relief

under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. But he could pursue habeas relief under § 2241

only if the remedy under § 2255 had been inadequate or ineffective. 28

U.S.C. § 2255(e). Mr. Dembry nonetheless filed five habeas petitions under

§ 2241—one in the Southern District of Indiana, one in the Western

District of Pennsylvania, and three in the District of Kansas.

      This appeal involves the fifth of these petitions. The threshold issue

is whether to entertain the appeal because it involves Mr. Dembry’s fifth

habeas petition. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(a); Stanko v. Davis, 

617 F.3d 1262


1270–71 (10th Cir. 2010). The last three habeas petitions involved the

same claim—that the trial court failed to instruct the jury that the

government had needed to prove that Mr. Dembry knew of his status

prohibiting possession of ammunition. In each of the three habeas cases,

the district court declined to consider the merits, reasoning that Mr.

Dembry hadn’t shown why a remedy under § 2255 would be inadequate or


      Because this appeal involves Mr. Dembry’s fifth habeas petition, he

argues that the U.S. Constitution requires consideration of intervening

judicial interpretation of statutes. He is apparently referring to Rehaif v.

United States, 

139 S. Ct. 2191

(2019). But even if Rehaif applied, the

district court couldn’t grant relief unless the remedy under § 2255 was

inadequate or ineffective. And § 2255 wasn’t inadequate or ineffective just

because the district court had to rule without the benefit of Rehaif. Dembry

v. Hudson, 796 F. App’x 972, 975 (10th Cir. 2019) (unpublished); accord

Jackson v. Hudson, 822 F. App’x 821, 824 (10th Cir. 2020) (unpublished)

(stating that § 2255’s procedure isn’t ineffective or inadequate even though

Rehaif hadn’t been decided when the petitioner filed his § 2255 motion).

We thus affirm the dismissal. See Poindexter v. Nash, ___ F. App’x ___,

2020 WL 5901175

, at *2 (5th Cir. Oct. 5, 2020) (per curiam) (unpublished)

(“[R]egardless whether . . . Rehaif applies retroactively . . . , [the

petitioner] has not established that the district court erred in determining

that he did not meet the requirements of the savings clause of § 2255(e).”).

      Mr. Dembry has also moved for leave to proceed in forma pauperis.

Because he cannot afford to prepay the filing fee, we grant leave to

proceed in forma pauperis.

                                     Entered for the Court

                                     Robert E. Bacharach
                                     Circuit Judge