In the United States Court of Federal Claims
                                   OFFICE OF SPECIAL MASTERS
                                           No. 18-1792V

    STEVEN LEWIS,                                               Chief Special Master Corcoran

                         Petitioner,                            Filed: October 8, 2020
                                                                Special Processing Unit (SPU);
    SECRETARY OF HEALTH AND                                     Findings of Fact; Onset; Influenza
    HUMAN SERVICES,                                             (Flu) Vaccine; Shoulder Injury
                                                                Related to Vaccine Administration
                         Respondent.                            (SIRVA)

Bruce William Slane, Law Office of Bruce W. Slane, P.C., White Plains, NY, for

Mollie Danielle Gorney, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, for Respondent.

                                           FINDINGS OF FACT1

       On November 20, 2018, Steven Lewis filed a petition for compensation under the
National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, 42 U.S.C. §300aa-10, et seq.2 (the
“Vaccine Act”). Petitioner alleges that he suffered a shoulder injury related to vaccine
administration (“SIRVA”) as a result of an influenza (“flu”) vaccination administered on
October 22, 2016. Petition at 1. The case was assigned to the Special Processing Unit of
the Office of Special Masters.

1  Because this unpublished fact ruling contains a reasoned explanation for the action in this case, I am
required to post it on the United States Court of Federal Claims' website in accordance with the E-
Government Act of 2002. 44 U.S.C. § 3501 note (2012) (Federal Management and Promotion of Electronic
Government Services). This means the fact ruling will be available to anyone with access to the
internet. In accordance with Vaccine Rule 18(b), petitioner has 14 days to identify and move to redact
medical or other information, the disclosure of which would constitute an unwarranted invasion of privacy.
If, upon review, I agree that the identified material fits within this definition, I will redact such material from
public access.

2National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986, Pub. L. No. 99-660, 100 Stat. 3755. Hereinafter, for ease
of citation, all section references to the Vaccine Act will be to the pertinent subparagraph of 42 U.S.C. §
300aa (2012).
       For the reasons set forth below, and as I announced during the October 2, 2020
motions hearing,3 I find the onset of Petitioner’s shoulder pain occurred within 48 hours
of vaccination, consistent with the Table requirements for a SIRVA claim.

    I.      Relevant Procedural History

         As noted above, the case was initiated on November 20, 2018. After reviewing
Petitioner’s medical records, Respondent filed a status report stating that he was not
amenable to engaging in settlement discussions, and requesting until January 6, 2020,
to file his report pursuant to Vaccine Rule 4(c). ECF No. 24. This request was granted.

       On January 6, 2020, Respondent filed the Rule 4(c) Report maintaining that the
case was not appropriate for compensation under the terms of the Vaccine Act. ECF No.
29. Respondent argued that “Petitioner first sought treatment for his alleged left shoulder
injury on March 3, 2017, more than four months after his vaccination.”

Id. at 6.

Respondent further argued that Petitioner’s medical records failed to specify the
timeframe in which his symptoms began.

Id. Finally, Respondent asserted

that Petitioner
otherwise failed to establish causation-in-fact.

Id. at 6-8.4

        The parties’ arguments regarding the onset of Petitioner’s injury were based on
briefing completed prior to the motions day hearing. Thus, on June 3, 2020, Petitioner
filed two witness affidavits as well as his brief. ECF Nos. 39, 41. Respondent filed his
response on July 6, 2020. ECF No. 42.

    II.     Issue

        At issue is whether the onset of Petitioner’s left shoulder pain was within 48-hours
after vaccination, as set forth in the Vaccine Injury Table for a SIRVA injury after receipt
of the flu vaccine. 42 C.F.R. § 100.3(a) XIV.B. (2017) (influenza vaccination). The Table’s
“Qualifications and Aids to Interpretation” (“QAI”) for a SIRVA-based claim also require
that a petitioner’s pain have occurred within this same 48-hour time frame. 42 C.F.R. §

    III.    Authority

       Pursuant to Vaccine Act Section 13(a)(1)(A), a petitioner must prove, by a
preponderance of the evidence, the matters required in the petition as set forth in Section
11(c)(1). I have discussed the factors to be considered in determining whether a petitioner

 See Minute Entry dated October 2, 2020. The transcript of this hearing, which was not yet filed as of the
date of this Ruling, is hereby incorporated into my Findings of Fact by reference.
  Respondent also questioned whether Petitioner had a history of left shoulder pain and dysfunction prior
to vaccination, but has since indicated that he is no longer challenging this issue. See Scheduling Order,
issued February 25, 2020 (ECF No. 33).

has met their burden in several recent decisions. I fully adopt and hereby incorporate my
prior discussion in section III of the following decisions: Marrow v. Sec’y of Health & Hum.
Servs., No. 17-1964V, 

2020 WL 3639775

(Fed. Cl. Spec. Mstr. June 2, 2020); Robinson
v. Sec’y of Health & Hum. Servs., No. 17-1050V, 

2020 WL 3729432

(Fed. Cl. Spec. Mstr.
June 5, 2020); Decoursey v. Sec’y of Health & Hum. Servs., No.18-870V, 

2020 WL 4673228

(Fed. Cl. Spec. Mstr. July 9, 2020).

       In sum, a special master must consider, but is not bound by, any diagnosis,
conclusion, judgment, test result, report, or summary concerning the nature, causation,
and aggravation of the petitioner’s injury or illness that is contained in a medical record.
Section 13(b)(1). Moreover, a special master may find that the first symptom or
manifestation of onset of an injury occurred “within the time period described in the
Vaccine Injury Table even though the occurrence of such symptom or manifestation was
not recorded or was incorrectly recorded as having occurred outside such period.” Section
13(b)(2). “Such a finding may be made only upon demonstration by a preponderance of
the evidence that the onset [of the injury] . . . did in fact occur within the time period
described in the Vaccine Injury Table.”

Id. IV.

   Finding of Fact

       I make the finding regarding onset after a complete review of the record to include
all medical records, affidavits, Respondent’s Rule 4(c) report, additional evidence and
briefing by the parties. Specifically, I base the finding on the following evidence:

          •   Mr. Lewis was administered a flu vaccine in his left shoulder on October 22,
              2016. Ex. 2.

          •   In his affidavit, Mr. Lewis averred that his symptoms “began almost
              immediately upon receiving the vaccination.” Ex. 4 at 1. Mr. Lewis further
              stated that although he continued to experience pain and swelling in his left
              shoulder in the following days and weeks, he did not immediately seek
              treatment because he “thought the pain would go away on its own.”

Id. at 1-2.

          •   On March 3, 2017, four months and twelve days after vaccination, Mr. Lewis
              presented to his primary care physician, Dr. Eric Hart, with a complaint of
              left shoulder pain “after receiving a flu shot in October.” Ex. 6 at 77. Mr.
              Lewis also complained of left should pain that occurred “after receiving a flu
              vaccine” in a subsequent appointment with Dr. Hart on June 28, 2017.

Id. at 4.

On August 23, 2017, Dr. Hart noted that Mr. Lewis attributed his left
              shoulder pain to the “flu vaccine that he received.” Ex. 5 at 9.

          •   On March 16, 2017, Mr. Lewis presented to orthopedist, Dr. William Kesto.
              Ex. 3 at 49. Dr. Kesto noted “[p]atient is here today for his left shoulder that
              he states was injured when he received a flu shot 5 months ago.”

Id. 3

          •   Mr. Lewis underwent a physical therapy evaluation on April 3, 2017. Ex. 3
              at 45. He reported that his left shoulder pain “started . . . after getting a flu
              shot in Oct[ober].”

Id. The date of

injury was noted as October 3, 2016.

Id. • Mr. Lewis

presented to orthopedist, Dr. James Bolz, on July 26, 2017. Ex.
              3 at 2. Mr. Lewis stated that “he was given a flu vaccine in October and his
              left shoulder has been hurting every since.”

Id. • On October

2, Mr. Lewis reported shoulder pain to Dr. Martin W. Jenter. Ex.
              5 at 1. Mr. Lewis reporting having had left shoulder pain “since he got the
              flu injection last year.”

Id. • Arlene Grigsby,

Mr. Lewis’s fiancé, submitted an affidavit dated May 18,
              2020. Ex. 14. In it, she averred that within a week of Mr. Lewis’s vaccination,
              he shared with her that “his arm was still sore after receiving the flu shot.”

Id. at 1.

          •   Mr. Lewis’s son, Desmon Lewis, submitted an affidavit dated May 27, 2020,
              in which he reported a telephone conversation in which his father stated
              that “he had just received his flu shot” and his left shoulder was hurting from
              the shot. Ex. 15 at 1.

       The above items of evidence collectively establish that Mr. Lewis’s shoulder pain
most likely began within 48 hours of receiving the October 22, 2016 flu vaccine. I
recognize that Petitioner’s medical records do not reflect a precise date of onset, and also
that (as Respondent argues) the vague temporal references to onset (i.e., “after receiving
a flu shot . . .”) allow for the possibility that onset occurred more than 48 hours from
vaccination. However, there is no counter-evidence undercutting Petitioner’s contention
that his pain began close-in-time to vaccination, and he consistently attributed his
shoulder symptoms to his flu shot. Indeed, at his first post-vaccination medical
appointment (for this is not a case with intervening records that rebut Petitioner’s
contentions), Mr. Lewis specifically complained of left shoulder pain “after receiving a flu
shot in October.” Ex. 6 at 77. He continued to make such assertions at all subsequent
medical encounters. Furthermore, the affidavits submitted by Mr. Lewis and his witnesses
are consistent with the medical evidence, and I have found no reason not to deem them
credible otherwise.

         Although Mr. Lewis did not seek treatment for his left shoulder injury until
approximately four-and-a-half months following the October 22, 2016 vaccination, I do
not find this delay to be dispositive regarding the issue of onset. Indeed, Mr. Lewis’s
medical records and affidavits reflect a pattern similar to other SIRVA claims, in which
injured parties reasonably delay treatment, often based on the assumption that their pain
is likely transitory. See, e.g., Tenneson v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., No. 16-1664V,

2018 WL 3083140

, at *5 (Fed. Cl. Spec. Mstr. Mar. 30, 2018), review denied, 

142 F. Cl

. 329 (2019), (finding a 48-hour onset of shoulder pain despite a nearly six-month delay
in seeking treatment); Williams v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 17-830V, 

2019 WL 1040410

, at *9 (Fed. Cl. Spec. Mstr. Jan. 31, 2019) (noting a delay in seeking treatment
for five-and-a-half months because petitioner underestimated the severity of her shoulder

injury); Knauss v. Sec’y of Health & Human Servs., 16-1372V, 

2018 WL 3432906

Cl. Spec. Mstr. May 23, 2018) (noting a three-month delay in seeking treatment).

      Accordingly, I find there is preponderant evidence to establish that the onset of Mr.
Lewis’s left shoulder pain occurred within 48 hours of the October 22, 2016 flu

   V.     Scheduling Order

       Given my finding of fact regarding onset – and specifically that it is consistent with
the Table requirements for a SIRVA claim - Respondent should evaluate and provide his
current position regarding the merits of Petitioner’s case.

      Respondent shall file, by no later than Monday, November 9, 2020, an amended
Rule 4(c) Report reflecting Respondent’s position in light of the above fact-finding.


                                                         s/Brian H. Corcoran
                                                         Brian H. Corcoran
                                                         Chief Special Master